WHERE ARE TRUFFLES FOUND?

In short, you can find truffles all around the world. But if you want to unearth (pun intended) the answer, we must first understand how truffles grow. If you already know, feel free to skip this article we wrote for you here and continue down the page.

The World’s Best Truffles  
While there is a healthy debate as to where you can find the world’s best truffles – we’ll get to that shortly - let it be known that there are about 200 species of truffles all over the world, and so, the conversation of ‘where’ is more complicated to root out (alas, another pun).   

Italy vs. France
The two most famous types of truffles are France’s Périgord black truffle (Tuber melanosporum) and Italy’s Alba white truffle (Tuber magnatum). And so, oftentimes, it is assumed that truffles come only from Italy and France, and even more granular –from specific places of Italy and France; most notably as the colloquial names would suggest, Périgord, France and Piedmont, Italy (Alba is a town in Piedmont).  

As true as it may have been at one point in time, demand for truffles grew and so, efforts in cultivation increased. We can now find these species of Tuber magnatum and Tuber melanosporum all over countries like France, Italy, Spain, and even Australia. Look at the map below to see the areas we source our truffles: 
Regions for the most renowned species: 
As previously mentioned, there are a variety of different truffle species all over the world. At Sabatino, we focus on four species, listed below: 
*for more precise truffle locations please reference the map above
BLACK WINTER TRUFFLE (Tuber Melanosporum)
  • Harvest in parts of France:  Aquitaine, Provence Alpes Cote D’Azur
  • Harvested in parts of Italy: Umbria, Abruzzo
  • Harvested in parts of Spain: Valencia, Aragon
  • Harvested in parts of Australia: Perth, Tasmania
WHITE TRUFFLE (Tuber Magnatum)
  • Harvested primarily all over Italy: Piedmont, Emilia-Romagna, Umbria 

SUMMER TRUFFLE (Tuber Aestivum)
  • Harvest in parts of France:  Aquitaine, Provence Alpes Cote D’Azur
  • Harvested in parts of Italy: Toscana, Campania
  • Harvested in parts of Spain: Castile-Leon, Andalusia 
BURGUNDY TRUFFLE (Tuber Uncinatum)
  • Harvest in parts of France:  Aquitaine, Provence Alpes Cote D’Azur
  • Harvested in parts of Italy: Roma, 
  • Harvested in parts of Spain: Castile-Leon, Andalusia 
Truffle Species from Other Parts of the World 
Chinese truffles known as Tuber indicum closely resemble our renowned Tuber melanosporum (the black winter truffle). However, the flavor of Tuber indicum is very subtle and inferior to the taste of Tuber melanosporum. 
The United States, specifically Oregon, has seen incredible success in cultivating a wide range of truffle species. Some of the most popular truffles are the Oregon white truffles known as Tuber oregonense and Tuber gibbosum. These truffles are very different in flavor and aroma from the famed Tuber Magnatum, also considered Italy’s White Truffle. 

Wild vs. Cultivated
The increasing demand for truffles paved the way to truffle cultivation. Before the 19th century, truffles sourced anywhere were entirely wild and unpredictable. At Sabatino, we have a network of truffle farmers who operate truffle plantations across Europe and Australia.
These truffle plantations, also known as Truffiere, occur naturally or through cultivation and comprise of large areas of land with host trees. 

That being said, scientists were able to successfully inoculate trees with mycelial cultures producing Tuber aestivum, uncinatum, and melanosoporum; but the famous white truffle, Tuber magnatum, has yet to meet the same fate, holding its title as the rarest, most expensive truffle species. 
 
 
 
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